Studies of apparent behavior
An experimental study of apparent behavior.
A landmark study in the field of interpersonal perception, in particular in relation to the attribution process when making judgments of others. This animated film was utilized in a classic experiment in cognitive psychology. Subjects were requested to interpret the moving picture-film of about 2 and a half minutes duration in which three geometrical figures (a large triangle, a small triangle and a disc, also called a circle) were shown moving in various directions and at various speeds. The only other figure in the field was a rectangle, a section of which could be opened and closed as a door is. The film was animated using geometric shapes cut out of cardboard and placed on a translucent glass plate that was lit from above and photographed frame by frame from below through a mirror. For further detail see original article: “An Experimental Study of Apparent Behavior” by Fritz Heider and Marianne Simmel, published in the American Journal of Psychology (April 1944).
Simmel, Marianne, 1923-2010.
Motion pictures in psychology.
Heider, Fritz, 1896-1988.
Philosophy of mind.
Filmed in 1943.
Fritz Heider (Filmmaker). Marianne Simmel (Filmmaker).
Preserved in 2012 by Bill Brand and graduate students in the Film Preservation class of New York University's Moving Image Archiving and Preservation Program